Types of Rugs an Antique Carpet Styles

Antique Rug Styles – Collections Organized by Carpet Types

Antique rug selection by their Names and Styles – The art of rug making is one of the oldest crafts in the world, dating back millennia. It is also one of the most widely spread crafts to ever take hold, with peoples from all over the world practicing their own iterations of the skill. Cultures from places as far apart as Iran – the birthplace of Persian carpets – and Scandinavia – home to a great many widely-admired mid-century rug designers – have developed their own unique and distinctive rug-making techniques and styles. Each of one of these rug styles is unique and special in its own way.

We take great pride in the breadth and the depth of our antique rug selection. Our selection features a tremendous variety of different types of antique rug patterns and styles. Below are links to the largest assortment of antique rug names and styles from all major rug producing centers worldwide.

At the Nazmiyal Collection, you can rest assured that you will find whatever types of rugs you love. Our selection is comprised of so many different types of carpet that it known for being one of the largest found anywhere. We offer everything from art deco style rugs, which will complement any number of room styles, to the highly sought after antique Persian rugs, which are one of the oldest and most iconic types of carpets.

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Whatever your interior decorating style, the Nazmiyal Collection offers such a varied number of rug styles and sizes. Therefore, there is something that will suit any room in your home.

Our huge array of antique carpet types spans every size, shape, style and price range. Whether you need something to place on your floors, or a masterpiece to use as a wall hanging tapestry rug, we provide it. We have the quality you seek and variety you need to ensure that you find the exact rug style and carpet type that your heart desires.

Q and A Regarding Different Types of Rugs and The Different Carpet Styles

The Different Rug Types – There exists a wide variety of different weaving techniques, all of which result in different weaving textures. Most of us have heard terms like antique Persian carpets or Oriental rugs, but these broad terms encompass a great many styles and techniques.

A trained eye will be able to distinguish a true Persian carpet from other types of rugs, and will also be able to recognize the many different rug types just through observation.

The variety of the different rug types and weaving textures in the world of antique carpets is tremendous, with some techniques resulting in flat woven rugs, and other techniques resulting in deep pile carpets. Read below to discover more about weaving textures – what makes them different from each other, and why they are that way.

Different Rug Types by Nazmiyal

Different Rug Types

Questions and answers about the different types of area rugs:

Question: What is an Aubusson carpet?

An Aubusson carpet is a specific type of rug that was woven in Aubusson France. The Aubusson carpets were made in France and will mostly feature a distinctive flat weave technique. They were made in all kinds of color combinations which vary from soft earthy to bold and rich colors. The patterns are mainly comprised of floral designs that are unmistakably European in style.

Question: What is an America Hooked rug?

American hooked rugs are rugs that were woven in USA and were constructed using a hooking technique. To weave the American Hooked rugs, the weaver starts by getting a piece of burlap that is slightly larger than what they want their final product to be. They use a special tool that is designed to hold a thread and pull it through the burlap. They make series of loops with threads in varying lengths to create the carpet. many of the rugs were created from old textiles and clothing that were no longer worthy of use.

Question: What is a kilim rug?

Kilim rugs are basically flat woven carpets. Kilim rugs were generally small or long and narrow and they feature geometric and tribal patterns. They often will feature bold and rich colors.

Question: What is a Sumak carpet?

Soumak carpets are rugs that were woven in Caucuses and employed a flat weave technique called “Soumak”. Antique Sumak rugs will appear to have a brocade look to them. The brocade look is created when the weft threads are wrapped onto the warp threads making a chain of knots. The texture is somewhere between an antique Aubusson carpet and a Kilim rug.

Question: What is the difference between a rug and a tapestry?

While sometimes the terms tapestry and rug may be interchangeable, for the most part the difference will lie in the intended use. Rugs are technically woven to be used on the floor while tapestries were made with the intent of hanging on the wall. Many people confuse the term carpet, or antique rugs, as being interchangeable with the word tapestry. A tapestry is usually flat woven and was created specifically to be displayed on a wall just like a painting. The backs of most of the really old examples, will be covered by some type of thin material (like linen) which people would add at some point to protect the tapestry from fraying.

Question: How are piled rugs woven?

Traditional knotted pile rugs are created when the pile is tied to the warp threads and trimmed to make the threads be of the same length. These rugs are made with hand tied knots and it takes a long time to produce them. Many of these fine carpets contain thousands of knots which create the intricate patterns and stylized floral motifs.

Question: What is a tufted rug?

A tufted rug is a pile carpet where the two strands are not actually tied onto the foundation. A tufted rug is created when the pile yarn is expertly wrapped around the warp threads and is left untied. The pile is kept in place with a coating that is painted onto the backs of the carpets. This coating works as an adhesive to hold the pile in position on the carpet.

Question: What is a needlepoint rug?

A Needlepoint rug refers to carpets woven in the needlepoint technique. A needlepoint rug is handcrafted and made in a flat weave design by sewing the wool threads onto a large piece of material. These designs are often very intricate and can take many months, and even years to complete.

This post about the different rug types and carpet questions was published by Nazmiyal Antique Rug Gallery in Manhattan, New York City.

About Rug Names & Where Names Of Carpets Come From

A rug’s name does not denote its value. There are rugs of every type that are beautiful and those that are not so appealing. Even though I love Afghan and Persian rugs, you can find the most exquisite carpets from any country that has a large group of weavers.

Here is the method involved in naming Oriental rugs:

  • The area where the carpet got woven
  • The area where the rug got sold
  • The area where the carpet got designed, even though it got woven in another place
  • The name of a tribe that originated a certain design
  • The name of the country where the rug got woven. For example, you might see Indian rugs, Pakistani carpets, or Chinese rugs.

Let’s provide an example to illustrate the points we already discussed. An Indo (the country of weaving) Persian (where the rug design originated) prayer rug (the type of rug) with a Tree of Life-type design.

The name of a certain rug could come from the workshop where it was woven. It could even get named after a Master Weaver that ran a workshop or someone who oversaw the weaving of different pieces. One example involves Haji Jalili (a master weaver from northwestern Iran) Tabriz (the city of origin), which was near the area where the carpets got made.

A carpet’s name could also come from a producer’s name. For example, let’s take the creator of the current Oriental rug production method that directs their weavers to create innovative carpet designs. One example comes from William Morris of the Arts and Crafts movement. William Morris founded the Arts and Crafts Movement (1870 – 1920), which favors excellent craftsmanship. simplified designs and less decoration than one saw in the Victorian period.

Or take the rug type: One type would come from a Gabbeh, which might have gotten woven in one of many different villages located in the Southern region of Iran. You can read my article “What is a Gabbeh?” for more information.

Sometimes the name of a painter got attributed to a certain type of rug due to it being put in their paintings. One example involves Hans Memling, a Flemish painter from the 15th century. He had a rug named after him called the “Memling Gul”.

There’s also the design’s name itself. One example can come from the “Eagle Kazak”. The name of a design could come about when it gets copied so much that it becomes prevalent in the community.

Lastly, there’s the city that the carpet dealer guessed where and when it was woven. An example we could talk about is the “Antique Qum Rug”. The weaving that took place in Qum, Iran, started in the 1930’s. However, an antique rug should, at a minimum, be at least 100 years old.

I hope that these examples explained the method behind naming rugs in a simple manner.

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Below you can view our collection based on antique rug styles and types of carpets:

17th Century Rugs

19th Century Rugs

Abadeh Carpets

Abrash Rugs

Affordable Rugs

Afghan Rugs

Afshar Carpets

Agra Carpets

Alcaraz Carpets

Alpujarra Carpets

Amritsar Carpets

Angora Rugs

Art Deco Rugs

Art Nouveau Carpets

Arts & Crafts Rugs

Aubusson Carpets

Avar Rugs

Axminster Rugs

Azerbaijan Rugs

Bakhtiari Carpets

Bakshaish Carpets

Baku Rugs

Balkan Embroideries

Baluch Rugs

Jean Michel Basquiat Rugs

Beautiful Rugs

Bedroom Rugs

Berber Rugs

Bergama Rugs

Beshir Carpets

Bessarabian Carpets

Bezalel Rugs

Bibikabad Carpets

Biblical & Religious Rugs

Bidjar Carpets

Bokara Rugs

Borchalou Rugs

Boudoir Powder Room Rugs

Cairene Rugs

Casual Elegant Rugs

Chenille Rugs

Chinese Rugs

Chinese Art Deco Rugs

Chinese Pillar Carpets

Continental Rugs

Cool Rugs

Coptic Textiles

Cuenca Rugs

Dabir Rugs

Dagestan Rugs

Dalmatic Rugs

Dining Room Rugs

Donegal Carpets

Doroksh Rugs

Durable Rugs

Eagle Kazak Rugs

English Rugs

Ersari Rugs

Family Room Rugs

Farahan Rugs

Folk Art Rugs

Formal Rugs

Foyer Entryway Rug

Gabbeh Rugs

Garden Design Rugs

Gashgai Rugs

Ghiordes Rugs

Greek Textiles

Hamedan Rugs

Hereke Carpets

Heriz Carpets

Heriz Serapi Rugs

Home Office Rugs

Hooked Rugs

Horse Covers

Hospitality Industry Hotel Rugs

Hunting Scene Rugs

Indian Rugs


Isfahan Carpets


Joshagan Rugs

Kaitag Embroideries

Kansu Rugs

Karabagh Rugs

Karachopf Rugs

Karajeh Rugs

Karakashly Rugs

Karapinar Rugs

Kashan Rugs

Kayseri Rugs

Kazak Rugs

Kazvin Carpets

Kente Cloth

Kerman Carpets

Kerman Lavar Rugs

Kermanshah Rugs

Khorassan Rugs

Khotan Carpets

Turkish Kilims

Kirshehir Carpets

Kitchen Rugs

Konya Rugs

Kuba Rugs

Kuban Textiles

Kula Rugs

Kurdish Rugs

Library Rugs

Lilihan Rugs

Living Room Rugs

Lori Rugs

Luxury Rugs

Mahal Rugs

Malayer Carpets

Marbediah Rugs

Mashad Rugs

Mashahir Rugs

Mazandaran Kilims

Melas Rugs

Millefleurs Carpets

Mishan Rugs

Mohtashem Rugs

Mongolian Rugs

Mood Carpets

Moroccan Kilims

Moroccan Rugs

Mughal Carpets

Nain Rugs

Navajo Carpets

Needlepoint Carpets

Nepalese Rugs

Ningxia Rugs

Northwest Rugs

Ottoman Embroideries

Oushak Rugs

Peking Rugs

Perpedil Rugs

Pile Rugs

Pop Art Rugs


Polonaise Carpets

Qum Rugs

Rag Rugs

Rare Rugs

Chinese Rank Badges

Rug Colors

Rugs For Kids Rooms

Rustic Rugs

Rya Rugs

Samarkand Rugs

Sarouk Rugs

Savonnerie Rugs

Scandinavaian Rugs

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Senneh Carpets

Serab Rugs

Serapi Rugs

Seychour Rugs

Shag Moroccan Rugs

Shag Rugs

Shahsavan Rugs

Shirvan Carpets

Sivas Rugs

Smyrna Rugs

Sofreh Kilims

Souf Rugs

Spanish Carpets

Sultanabad Rugs

Sumak Rugs

Sunroom Rugs

Suzani Embroideries

Tabriz Rugs

Talish Rugs


Tehran Rugs

Tekke Rugs

The Best Rugs

Tibetan Rugs

Traditional Rugs

Transylvanian Rugs

Tree Of Life Rugs

Triclinium Rugs

Tuduc Rugs

Turkish Rugs

Ukrainian Rugs

Uzbek Textiles

Ege Rugs

Vintage Persian Rugs

Wilton Carpets

Yomut Rugs

Yarkand Rugs

Yastic Rugs

Yazd Carpets

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Zakatala Rugs

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17th Century Khorassan Antique Persian Rug 3289







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