Ingrain Rug Collection

Make A Statement With Our Antique American Ingrain Rugs

View our current collection of American antique Ingrain rugs below:

Learn More About Antique American Ingrain Rugs

Ingrain Rugs became popular in the nineteenth century. Adapted from the initial production that began in Kidderminster, England, Ingrain carpets remained popular until pile carpets became more available and affordable in the later nineteenth century. Designs were generally made in bold, richly colored reciprocal geometric patterns. Their production largely disappeared after 1920.

Though Ingrain rugs are still being produced in small numbers today in the United States, they were most popular in the 1800’s, and were produced in both Europe and the USA.

The Ingrain is a somewhat coarsely textured, brightly colored rug made from fibers, such as wool, that have been dyed prior to the weaving of the rug. Using weft and warp techniques, this is a flat woven rug with no pile. The designs are usually complex and beautiful, and the way in which it is woven makes the rug reversible, with the colors of the design inverted on the other side. Also known as an example of flat weaving, Ingrain rugs were most often woven on a jacquard loom. Invented by Joseph Marie Jacquard, this loom simplified the textile-weaving procedure and allowed for many middle class American homes to use Ingrain rugs.

Each middle class home had an antique rug in at least one room, and usually a hallway or stair runner to complement the home. Some of the most common factories where Ingrain rugs were woven were in England, Pennsylvania, and Massachusetts. The fabric weaving styles to make the rugs are also sometimes referred to as double- or triple-ply because of the wrap and weft. Damask and Venetian rugs are close relatives of Ingrain.

What are Ingrain rugs?

Ingrain rugs are a type of woven carpet that gained popularity in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The term “ingrain” refers to the weaving technique used in these rugs. In an ingrain weave, the weft (horizontal) threads are tightly woven into the warp (vertical) threads, creating a sturdy and reversible fabric. This technique allows for intricate patterns and designs to be woven into the carpet.

Here are some key characteristics of Ingrain rugs:

  • Weaving Technique: The weft threads are tightly packed and often cover the entire width of the rug, making the pattern visible on both sides.
  • Reversible: One notable feature of Ingrain rugs is their reversibility. This means that the pattern is the same on both the front and back of the rug.
  • Designs: Ingrain rugs can feature a variety of geometric and floral patterns. The designs are created by using different colored yarns in the weaving process.
  • Materials: Traditional Ingrain rugs were often made from wool, and they were known for their durability and ability to withstand heavy foot traffic.
  • Historical Significance: Ingrain rugs were particularly popular in the United States during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. They were commonly found in homes, especially in rural areas.

The term “Ingrain” might be used more broadly to refer to a weaving technique, and there could be variations or modern interpretations of Ingrain rugs in today’s market. If you are interested in purchasing or learning more about Ingrain rugs, it’s advisable to consult with rug dealers or experts in the field.

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