Let’s explore some of the popular types Persian rugs
Which types of rugs from Persia are more popular these days?
Persian rugs have been highly regarded and cherished for centuries due to their exquisite craftsmanship and intricate designs. These rugs also have quite the history and as such, there are numerous and different types of area rugs from Persia. Persian rugs originate from different regions within Iran and will possess distinct rug patterns, motifs and characteristics that are unique to the specific locations where the rugs originated from. While there are so many wonderful and truly special Persian rugs, below we will showcase just a few of the more popular ones.
Some of the most popular Persian rug types include:
- Tabriz Rugs: Hailing from the city of Tabriz, these area rugs are known for their detailed rug designs and patterns as well as for their fine high-quality rug weave. Tabriz rugs often feature a intricate floral rug patterns and are made possible through the finesse of the weave.
- Isfahan Rugs: From the city of Isfahan, these area rug styles are renowned for their elegant and delicate designs, often incorporating floral patterns and intricate curvilinear motifs. Isfahan rugs are usually crafted with high knot densities, resulting in a fine and smooth texture. Isfahan has a rich history of weaving rugs and many of the early rugs such as the 17th century rugs originated from Isfahan.
- Kashan Rugs: Coming from the city of Kashan, these beautiful rugs typically showcase elaborate designs with a central medallions and allover rug patterns that focus on symmetrical layouts. Kashan rugs are prized for their use of deep colors and exceptional craftsmanship.
- Heriz Rugs / Serapi / Bakshaish Rugs: Produced in the Heriz region, these more tribal area rugs from Persia have a distinct style characterized by bold geometric rug patterns, large medallions and vibrant colors. Persian Heriz rugs are known for their durability and are often considered more rustic compared to other Persian rug types.
- Kerman Rugs: Originating from Kerman, these luxurious area rugs feature intricate floral designs and ornate borders. These rugs are typically made with high-quality wool and are known for their unusually fine craftsmanship, captivating dense floral patterns and breathtaking use of Persian rug colors.
- Qum (Qom) Rugs: While they don’t have a long history, Qom rugs are some of the more coveted types of area rugs, especially the silk rugs from the modern day country of Iran. These unusually fine high quality area rugs are produced in the city of Qum and are highly prized for their luxurious rug making materials, including both silk and wool. The Persian Qum rugs, especially the finer Persian silk rugs from Qum, often boast intricate designs and exquisite detailing. They are one of the more artistic rug types from Persia.
- Nain Rugs: Hailing from the Nain region, these Persian traditional area rugs are renowned for their graceful designs, often featuring delicate floral patterns on light-colored backgrounds. Nain rugs are usually made with a combination of wool and silk.
- Sultanabad (Arak) Rugs: Sultanabad, also known as Arak, is a region that has historically produced beautifully rustic rugs. These rugs often feature bold designs as well as more elegant ones, with a diverse array of patterns ranging from geometric to floral. Sultanabad rugs are highly regarded for their durability and high-quality craftsmanship and their casual yet elegant rug look and feel.
- Khorasan (Khorassan) Rugs: Khorasan is a vast province in northeastern Iran known for producing exceptional handmade rugs. Khorasan rugs often feature intricate designs with a combination of floral and geometric motifs. They are typically woven using high-quality wool and can display a wide range of colors.
- Malayer Rugs: Malayer is a city in western Iran that produces more casual rugs with distinctive and artistic patterns. These more decorative rugs often showcase a central medallion or an all-over pattern with a facinating combination of colors. Malayer rugs are highly prized for their more rustic rugs which feature relaxed and more casual designs.
- Bidjar (Bijar) Rugs: Bidjar, located in northwestern Iran, is renowned for its sturdy durable and dense rugs, often referred to as the “iron rugs of Persia.” Bidjar rugs are famous for their exceptional durability and ability to withstand heavy foot traffic. They usually feature more primitive floral or Herati rug patterns in vibrant colors.
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It’s essential to note that popularity can fluctuate over time due to changing trends and preferences. However, these classic Persian rug types have consistently been highly sought after by rug collectors, interior decorators and Persian rug enthusiasts worldwide for their timeless beauty and craftsmanship.
Which Persian carpets are most expensive?
The most expensive Persian carpet that sold in auction is the “sickle-leaf, vine scroll and palmette ‘vase’-technique carpet,” that was probably of Kerman origin. The rug had belonged to the Clark Collection and sold in Sotheby’s NY for close to $34,000,000. But that is not something that happens too often. That said, there are types of Persian rugs that tend to sell for higher prices than most.
Here are some of the more expensive types of Persian rugs:
- Antique Silk Rugs: Persian rugs woven with silk are highly prized for their luxurious appearance and intricate detailing. Silk rugs, especially the ones from Persia, often have a higher knot density, resulting in a finer and more delicate texture. Antique silk rugs, especially those crafted by master weavers in the 17th and 18th centuries, are particularly valuable and can command significant prices at auctions and private sales.
- Mohtashem Rugs: Mohtashem is a term used to describe a specific type of Persian rug renowned for its exceptional craftsmanship and distinct style. These rugs are known for their fine knotting, soft color palettes, and intricate floral motifs. Mohtashem rugs are highly coveted by collectors for their elegance and rarity.
- Rugs by Master Weaver Kermani: Kermani rugs woven by master weavers from the Kerman region are admired for their exquisite designs and high knot density. These rugs often showcase intricate floral patterns, elaborate medallions, and a diverse range of colors. Kermani rugs woven by renowned master weavers are particularly prized for their artistry.
- Very Early Persian Rugs (16th, 15th, and 17th centuries): Antique Persian rugs from the 16th, 15th, and 17th centuries are among the most valuable and sought-after in the world. These early rugs often exhibit unique designs, historic significance, and a level of artistry that reflects the rich cultural heritage of Persia. Due to their age and rarity, these antique rugs are considered important treasures in the world of fine art and collectibles.
- The Ziegler Sultanabad Carpets: Antique Ziegler Sultanabad carpets, known for their large-scale designs and soft color palettes, have also commanded high prices in the market.
- Polonaise Rugs: Polonaise rugs are a unique category of Persian carpets that were woven in Persia (Iran) specifically for the Polish market during the 17th and 18th centuries. These rugs were made with a distinctive blend of Persian and European design elements to cater to the tastes of Polish nobility. Polonaise rugs are characterized by their bold colors, large-scale patterns, and ornate borders, making them exceptional and prized among collectors.
- Antique Persian Vase Carpets: Vase carpets are a type of Persian rug that typically features a central vase or a pair of vases filled with lush, cascading flowers. These carpets often have a symmetrical design with repeating motifs and a border surrounding the central field. Antique Persian vase carpets from the 16th and 17th centuries are highly valued for their artistry and beauty, especially those with intricate details and fine craftsmanship.
- Persian Tabriz Haji Jalili Rugs: Tabriz, a prominent city in the world of Persian rug weaving, is known for producing a wide variety of rugs, including those by master weaver Haji Jalili. Haji Jalili’s rugs from Tabriz are celebrated for their exceptional craftsmanship, intricate designs, and high rug knot density. These rugs often feature detailed medallions, curvilinear motifs, and intricate borders, showcasing the weaver’s exceptional skill. Tabriz Haji Jalili rugs are highly sought-after and regarded as some of the finest examples of Persian carpet artistry.
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