The Kilim Weave in Rugs
Kilim Weave Techniques in Rugs (Weft Faced Tapestry)
Kilim Weave – The kilim weave has an interesting history. “Kilim” is the Turkish word for weft-faced tapestry, the simplest weaving structure known. It consists of vertical warps combined purely with successive passes of horizontal wefting.
If the wefting is compressed vertically with a weavers comb so as to cover the warps entirely, it produces ‘weft-faced’ tapestry. By manipulating the wefts in different colors, they can be made to produce the design of the kilim weave.
Where changes in color are accomplished by vertically successive rows of diverging wefts around two adjacent warps, this produces small gaps or slits – so-called slit tapestry technique. Alternatively the diverging wefts in different colors may stagger back and forth vertically across two adjacent warps – so-called dovetail tapestry.
The Kilim Weave represents an interesting and unique development in the craft of rug making. Kilims remain enormously popular even to the present day, attracting admirers of fine weaves with their timeless appeal and fascinating history. And while the process of creating a kilim weave is a distinct process, it is, in context, an important snapshot of the myriad ways that rugs, carpets, and other weaves can be assembled.
The world of antique rugs and kilims is one with a long and complex history, the fruits of which are the wonderful antique rugs and kilims that have survived over the decades and the centuries, ready to be enjoyed in homes all over the world.