Rugs From Afghanistan

Our antique Afghanistan rugs:

Learn More About Rugs from Afghanistan

Afghanistan and the surrounding areas have quite the long as well as on of the more rich Oriental rug histories in the world of antique rugs. The antique rugs from  Afghanistan tend to be medium sized, or long and narrow which is inline with their more tribal and nomadic weavers who created them. They tend to be very tribal, feature more vibrant jewel tone happy rug colors and incorporate vegetable carpet dyes made from plants and other natural resources. Although they come in many patterns, the most common one tends to be the Bokara design rugs, which consists of octagonal, wreath-like shapes lined up in rows and grids.

Perhaps the most striking type of Afghan rugs are the Bashir or Shindand (or Adraskan), which are exemplified by abstract, warped depictions of humans and animals. Shindands / Adraskans share their name with two towns from the Herat Province in western Afghanistan where they are made. Despite their humble origins, Afghanistan rugs have won international acclaim.

Many different ethnic groups have been weaving area rugs in Afghanistan but in recent years, the chief producers are Afghan refugees living in Pakistan, and Turkmen. However, Baluch rugs, another seminal Afghanistan creation, come primarily from the Baloch people who inhabit the south west portion of the country.

Afghanistan made Baluch rugs are extremely varied, featuring more tribal rug designs that involve repeated motifs or shapes. They are also known for weaving a large number of Islamic prayer rugs.

Nevertheless, carpet weavers do not limit their craft to floor coverings and floor coverings only. They also fashion other important goods utilized by nomads such as tent bags, ceremonial regalia, and other general fabrics.

Another interesting subset of the area rugs that were woven an originated in the country of Afghanistan are their production of Afghan war rugs. These fascinating woven historical accounts depict the turmoil the arose from the December 24 1979 Soviet Union’s invasion Afghanistan. These specific groups of Afghan area rugs have become some of the more collectible and sought after area rugs that depict historical accounts of this military conflict that some credit as one of the root causes for the 1989 (though 1990) collapse of the iron curtain.

What are area rugs from Afghanistan called?

Rugs from Afghanistan are typically called “Afghan rugs” or “Afghan carpets.” These rugs are renowned for their high-quality craftsmanship and unique designs, often featuring intricate patterns and vibrant colors.

The traditional art of rug weaving has a long history in Afghanistan, and Afghan rugs are highly valued and sought after in the global market. Some of the most famous types of Afghan rugs include Khal Mohammadi, Baluch, Herati, and Bukhara designs. These rugs are not only appreciated for their beauty but also for the skill and cultural heritage they represent.

What is the main material for weaving rugs in Afghanistan?

The main material used for weaving rugs in Afghanistan is wool. Wool is a prevalent natural fiber in the region and is commonly obtained from sheep, making it easily accessible for rug making. The rug weavers in Afghanistan have been using wool for centuries to create their exquisite rugs, and the material is highly regarded for its durability and ability to hold rich and vibrant colors.

The process of making rugs in Afghanistan typically involves shearing the sheep to obtain the wool, which is then washed, carded, and spun into yarn. The skilled weavers then use the wool yarn to hand-knot the intricate designs on a loom, creating the beautiful Afghan rugs that are celebrated for their quality and craftsmanship worldwide.

In addition to wool, some area rugs woven in Afghanistan may also incorporate other natural fibers like silk, particularly in finer and more luxurious pieces. However, the majority of Afghanistan made area rugs are primarily made from wool due to its abundance and suitability for rug weaving.

Are area rugs from Afghanistan popular?

Yes, area rugs from Afghanistan are popular and highly regarded in the global market. Afghan rugs have a long history and tradition of craftsmanship dating back centuries, and they are sought after by collectors, interior designers, and rug enthusiasts worldwide.

Several factors contribute to the popularity of Afghan rugs:

  • Quality and Craftsmanship: Afghanistan made area rugs are known for their exceptional quality and meticulous craftsmanship. Skilled artisans hand-weave these rugs using traditional techniques, resulting in durable and long-lasting pieces.
  • Unique Designs and Patterns: The area rugs woven in Afghanistan often feature distinct designs and patterns that showcase the region’s rich cultural heritage. Each rug tells a story and represents the artistic expression of the weaver.
  • Vibrant Colors: The use of natural dyes and vibrant colors is a hallmark of Afghanistan rugs. These colorful rugs can add a touch of warmth and elegance to any space.
  • Cultural Significance: Area rugs from Afghanistan tend carry cultural significance and reflect the history and traditions of the Afghan people. Owning an Afghan area rug is like having a piece of Afghan culture and history in your home.
  • Versatility: Rugs from Afghanistan come in various sizes and styles, making them versatile for different living spaces and interior design themes.
  • Investment Value: High-quality Afghanistan made rugs are often considered valuable investments, as they tend to appreciate in value over time. Antique and rare Afghan rugs, in particular, can command significant prices in the antique and art markets.

Due to their popularity and demand, the area rugs that were woven in Afghanistan are exported and sold globally, making them accessible to people around the world who appreciate their beauty and craftsmanship.

What are the different types of rugs called in Afghanistan?

Afghanistan is famous for producing various types of rugs, each with its own unique designs and characteristics.

Some of the more well-known types of area rugs from Afghanistan include:

  • Khal Mohammadi: Named after the Khal Mohammadi tribe, these rugs often feature deep red or burgundy backgrounds with geometric patterns in black or dark blue. They are highly prized for their rich colors and bold designs.
  • Baluch: Woven by the Baluchi people, these rugs typically have a dark, somber appearance with deep reds, browns, and blues. They often feature intricate tribal motifs and are known for their durability.
  • Herati: Also known as “Mahi” rugs, they feature a repeated diamond-shaped pattern with a central floral medallion. The Herati pattern is popular in many traditional rugs and is believed to have originated in the Herat region of Afghanistan.
  • Bukhara: These rugs are named after the city of Bukhara in Uzbekistan, but they are also produced in Afghanistan. They often have a deep red or maroon background with repeated geometric motifs and Guls (medallions).
  • Afghan Tribal Rugs: These rugs come from various tribal groups in Afghanistan, such as the Turkmen, Uzbek, and Hazara tribes. They showcase unique tribal designs, often with bold colors and intricate patterns, representing the cultural identity of the specific tribe.
  • Afghan War Rugs: These rugs gained popularity in the late 20th century and early 21st century. They feature depictions of tanks, guns, helicopters, and other war-related imagery, reflecting the impact of conflict on Afghan society.

These are just a few examples of the diverse range of the area rugs from Afghanistan. The rug weavers in Afghanistan have been producing rugs for generations, and their craftsmanship and creativity continue to make Afghanistan rugs highly sought after in the international market.

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