View Our Collection of Persian Heriz Rugs, Serapi Carpets, and Bakshaish Rugs
Heriz Rugs - Originating in Northwest Persia and the Iranian province of East Azerbaijan, antique Heriz rugs include regional patterns created in several dozen towns and villages in the area. These Azeri-Turkish groups from the Caucasus were pushed south by invading Russian and Soviet forces, and the area was subject to turbulent political influences that continued through the 20th century. Turkic nomads have produced fine carpets for export and resale since the 1700s, and antique Heriz rugs continue to enjoy great popularity in Europe and the U.S. The Heriz moniker is applied to regional rugs originating in Ahar, Gorevan and several other prominent villages. This has lead to some confusion about these trade terms.
The city of Heriz is located roughly 60 miles from the legendary carpet-producing city of Tabriz. Although they are closely related in some respects, their styles remain distinct. Antique Heriz rugs are known for their thick, strong and durable structure. Unlike many areas of Persia, rugs from Heriz are made with the symmetric Turkish or Ghiordes knot, which is attached to a specially woven foundation that includes a thick cotton warp and weft. The structure is only one factor that contributes to the durability and stability of antique rugs from Heriz, which differ from their cousins, the Serapi Rugs and the Bakshaish rugs. Tucked into the foothills surrounding the historically active volcano Mount Sabalan, Heriz sits on top of rich mineral reserves and some of the largest copper deposits in the world. Pastoral nomads known as the Shahsavan migrated across the area moving closer to Mount Sabalan in the summer and further away during the harsh winters. The result is extremely durable wool containing trace amounts of copper that act as a natural mordant and dye fixative.
Since the early 19th century, Heriz has been producing European-sized carpets that define the angular style of northwest Persian rugs. These classically colored carpets often feature a traditional pairing of crimson red and clear Persian blue, which are combined with varied neutrals. Heriz rugs often feature dense allover patterns and angular octofoil medallions surrounded by rectilinear vinescrolls decorated with a rich variety of contrasting colors.
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70 Rugs Found in Heriz Rugs
Executed with skill and finesse, this prototypical antique Persian Bakshaish rug depicts a stunning allover Herati pattern set in a formal lozenge-shaped medallion.
Woven in the Bakshaish style, this medallion rug features an elegant combination of sophisticated colors and powerful protection symbols set in a formal composition.
This magnificent antique silk Heriz has an allover pattern of split calyx arabesques.
At the center of the rich red field a cruciform medallion in blue-black and ivory floats freely with a lavish interior embellishment of sinuous vines. Undulating blue-green cornerpieces fill out the field with elaborate arabesque detail.
This understated Bakshaish Persian carpet boasts a traditional layout, characterized by subtle earth tones and a beautifully composed allover pattern.
This sumptuously elegant antique Serapi carpet from Persia has an allover Mina Khani pattern surrounding a small central quatrefoil medallion.
Boldly decorated and beautifully colored, this exquisite antique Persian rug from Heriz features a grand lozenge medallion surrounded by rustic botanical motifs.
Drawn in an elegant less-is-more style, this quintessential late 19th century Bakshaish rug depicts a chic camel-colored field adorned with a bold dragon medallion.
Combining the best traits of the sought-after Serapi, this antique Persian rug displays pure colors and a striking pattern with rectilinear and curvilinear figures.
An allover lattice of concentric stepped diamonds in black and various earthen tones repeats across the field of this charming antique Bakshaish from Persia.
This Serapi carpet is an excellent example of the Heriz medallion and the locally-preferred color scheme, including coppery reds and the classic Persian blue.
Woven in characteristically neutral colors with a subtle abrashed field and brilliant white accents, this Bakshaish features checkered patterns and traditional motifs favored by semi-nomadic herders.
This splendid antique Serapi has an allover floral pattern of classical Persian inspiration.
This intriguing square-shaped antique Persian Heriz Serapi carpet is characterized by a geometric construction, typical of the style.
This beautiful antique Heriz-Serapi carpet is a fetching composition, featuring a meticulously designed field dominated by an ornate monumental medallion. Stunning corner pieces and a rich border round out this impressive carpet.
The bold dynamic drawing and exquisite use of color in this carpet are classically Heriz.
Knotted from vibrant, luxurious silk fibers, this antique Persian Heriz carpet is the ultimate representation of the regal chahar-bagh or garden of paradise.
This elegant all silk antique Oriental Heriz carpet from Persia has a delicate filigree design of oval medallions and eight-pointed stars and a beautiful vine scroll border.
This archetypal antique embroidered suzani showcases a lovely assortment of vivacious botanical ornaments that artfully balance bold colors and delicate details.
Combining advanced pattern-making skills and rustic rectilinear geometry, this superb antique Heriz rug has a striking appearance with strong masculine details.
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