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Antique Rug Symbols: Gol / Gul

Antique Rug Motifs: Gol / Gul

Meanings of Gol or Gul Motifs in Antique Rugs and Carpets

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Antique Rug Symbols: Gol / Gul Motifs In Rugs — The word “Gol” actually means flower in Farsi (the language spoken in Persia / the modern day country of Iran). The term Gul is also indicative of a floral medallion or rosette. When seen in carpets, the more round guls tend to symbolize celestial bodies such as the sun, moon or stars. Other geometric rendered design shapes of the gol motif, include diamonds and four-sided guls and may have different meanings and cultural significance.

Example of a Gol symbol in an antique rug.

Example of a Gol symbol in an antique rug.

The interior of the gol motif patterns are often intricately woven with hooks, geometric shapes, leaves and buds of flowers or ram’s horns.

Naturalistic designed rosette medallions are most often seen in Persian rugs while the Azerbaijani and Caucasian rugs have an extensive design vocabulary for guls and their patterns are therefore more varied.

Below are some examples of antique rugs, from the Nazmiyal Collection in NYC, which feature Gol or Gul design motifs:

Antique Silk Turkish Rug 1963

Antique Silk Turkish Rug 1963

Antique Kayseri Turkish Rug 1288

Antique Kayseri Turkish Rug 1288

Antique Kerman Persian Rug 46637

Antique Kerman Persian Rug 46637

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