Antique Rug Symbols: Gol / Gul

Antique Rug Motifs: Gol / Gul

Meanings of Gol or Gul Motifs in Antique Rugs and Carpets

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Antique Rug Symbols: Gol / Gul — The word “Gol” actually means flower in Farsi (the language spoken in Persia / modern day country of Iran). The term Gul is also indicative of a floral medallion or rosette.

The more round guls tend to symbolize celestial bodies such as the sun, moon or stars. Other geometric shapes of the gol motif, include diamonds and four-sided guls.

Example of a Gol symbol in an antique rug.
Example of a Gol symbol in an antique rug.

The interior of the gol designs are often intricately woven with hooks, geometric shapes, leaves and buds of flowers or ram’s horns.

Naturalistic designed rosette medallions are most often seen in Persian rugs while the Azerbaijani and Caucasian rugs have an extensive design vocabulary for guls and their patterns are therefore more varied.

Below are some examples of antique rugs, from the Nazmiyal Collection, which feature Gol or Gul motifs:

Antique Silk Turkish Rug 1963
Antique Silk Turkish Rug 1963
Antique Kayseri Turkish Rug 1288
Antique Kayseri Turkish Rug 1288
Antique Kerman Persian Rug 46637
Antique Kerman Persian Rug 46637