Funky Antique Ikat Textile, Country of Origin: Uzbekistan, Circa Date: 1900 – Ikat is a special dye technique that originated in Indonesia, but it was eventually practiced by many cultures throughout Asia. This striking piece of ikat-dyed cloth shows the artistry and skill of the textile weavers of Uzbekistan. The ikat cloth of Uzbekistan has a unique history, and these pieces are considered some of the most beautiful in the world.
The ikat material of Uzbekistan differs from that in other parts of the world, such as Japan and Indonesia. In other countries, both the warp and weft threads are dyed. Uzbekistan ikat is produced by a group of master craftsmen called the “Abrbandi.” They dye only the warp threads. The weft can be either cotton or silk. Small ties are placed around the threads that resist the dye and create the pattern.
Ikat is considered to be the national fabric of Uzbekistan, making this piece an important one for any collection. Ikat fabrics were traditionally, and still are, used for household items and clothing. You can find a wide range of designs that include florals, anthropomorphic designs, squares, six-petaled rosettes, and circles, such as this piece.
Considerable time and effort go into making ikat fabrics, and it is a highly-skilled craft. It is labor-intensive and takes a great amount of skill to manipulate the threads. A special artist draws the design lengthwise on the fabric, and others tie the knots for the resist dye technique. The care and labor that goes into each length of fabric make it a special piece.
The ikat-dyed cloth of Uzbekistan is known for its brilliant colors. This one features brilliant pink and mustard yellow. It has a bound border that appears to be a similar, but contrasting fabric. This year, brilliant pinks and bright colors are making headlines. This piece would make a gorgeous accent in a Boho Chic or Maximalist space to give it an international flavor.