Striking Rust Colored Antique Persian Heriz Rug, Country of Origin / Rug Type: Antique Persian Rugs, Circa Date: 1900 – This is a beautiful Heriz carpet with its vibrant colors and bold geometric forms. Heriz is a city that is east of Tabriz. It is one of the oldest rug weaving villages in the region. Carpets from this area have many similarities to the designs from the larger surrounding cities, but the village weavers have adapted familiar forms to create a unique look.
The motifs used in Heriz are based on traditional motifs that were, more than likely, used in the area before the establishment of the formal carpet weaving centers. The Heriz weavers abstracted these designs in a way to gives them a more primitive and folk art character. In this carpet, the round center medallion has been abstracted to a square form, as have the surrounding bands of color.
This medallion carpet has the pendants and formal corners of a traditional Tabriz or Heriz carpets, but they have been widened and became more angular in this carpet. The stylized S motif of this rug is sometimes interpreted to represent male power. Some say that it has its roots as the Zoroastrian symbol for the sun. This symbol appears in an abstracted form in pairs on this carpet, making this beautiful carpet even more special.
Another artistic feature of this carpet is the use of scale. The design appears in multiple layers. There is a larger geometric layout consisting of the contrasting background colors. This forms the basic artistic structure of the carpet. Within these larger geometric areas are smaller motifs. In this carpet, they are not particularly dense, allowing the focus to remain on the vibrant, contrasting colors.
The borders use a scale that is similar to that used in the field of the carpet, giving them a sense of unity. Smaller guard borders also surround this main border and contain the smallest design scale used in the carpet. This gives it complexity and detail.
Heriz carpets have a softness in the colors and appearance that appears to be a freeform drawing. It has an improvisational character and a sense of proportion. They are typically larger carpets. They show the temperament and individual personality of the weaver. It uses traditional designs taking on a whimsical form or creating an unusual use of scale or movement. This is one of the characteristics that makes Heriz carpets a delight for collectors and designers. They bring this playful character to the room, and every rug has a unique personality, just like the weavers who created it. This Persian carpet is an individual work of art that will add warmth to the style of any room.