Vintage Qum Rugs – Located not far from Teheran, the city of Qum is a famous Persian pilgrimage city graced by impressive architectural monuments. But it does not, however, appear to have produced rugs before the 1920’s. Since that time though it has become known as a significant center for the manufacture of urban style rugs and carpets. The rugs of Qum tend to have allover repeat patterns of various type, especially botehs.
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Qum weavers are also known for producing prayer rugs with elegant tree of life designs, as well as compartment designs derived from classical Persian garden carpets. Given their largely classical design repertory, Qum rugs tend to be finely woven with knot counts in the two hundreds and three hundreds. Forty to forty years ago Qum also became a production center for Persian all-silk rugs of exceptional fineness. Today weavings of Qum continue to be among the most respected and highly prized fine Persian rugs.
The production of Qum rugs began in the early decades of the 20th century. Qum vintage rugs are identified as such because of their historical association with the Islamic holy city of Qum, where they were originally woven. Qum itself an ancient and important city in central Persia, where it hosts a sizable permanent population in addition to a constant influx of pilgrims and other religious travelers. While vintage Qum rugs do not boast the ancient pedigree of Tabriz or Sultanabad rugs and carpets, these special and storied carpets represent a distinct style with a great deal of merit.
The Qum rugs themselves are made of a thin pile in silk and wool, as most Qum rugs are traditionally used as wall hangings. The fine materials with which Qum rugs are woven allow for weavers to draw exquisite, precise detail work throughout. Unlike traditional designs, fine Qum rugs generally feature small allover designs, and are considered an example of a city style. Vintage Persian Qum rugs are also often characterized by exceptional curve-linear lines. The color pallet most associated with Iranian Qum rugs consists of red, blue and ivory, although other colors are common as well.
What Are Persian Qum Rugs?
Some of the most unique and creative rugs / carpets in the world come from Persia. The iconic and influential Persian rugs are often notable for their flexible, but firm structures and creative designs. They’re also known as being largely hand-made, with a lot of effort and mastery going into each one.
However, one of the most impressive Persian rugs, the Qum rugs, are not only viewed as incredibly groundbreaking, but they’re also not even 100 years old!
In recent years, Persian Qum rugs have had a resurgence in popularity. For those people who are looking for the finest weaves and beautiful colors, these rug represent some of the most impressive pieces you can have in your collection or home.
The History Of Persian Qum Rugs
There are many different spellings for Qum rugs. These include: Qom, Ghom, or even Ghum rugs. The origin behind the main namesake, Qum, is because of its being named after a holy city that is 100 km south of Tehran, Iran.
The methods used to produce Qum rugs are also incredibly intricate and forward-thinking. The making of these new modern rugs is often as impressive as the antique rugs. Many have trouble putting their attraction to Qum rugs in words, but the most prominent linking factor seems to be the intimacy felt in the attention that was paid to every single carefully placed knot.
This makes each Qum rug unique. Almost like an individual work of art, never to be replicated again. And, because many of the Qum rugs in existence today were developed during the first half of the 20th century, owning one of these special vintage rugs is kind of like owning a piece of history.
How Are Persian Qum Carpets Woven?
The rug weaving technique that is employed when making a Qum rug is quite unique. The weaving process relies on using incredibly thin threads of silk to intertwine tiny, barely noticeable details.
A little known fact about Qum rugs is that the knots per square inch (KPSI) can be anywhere between 200 and 500 (and even more) which is an absolutely unprecedented amount of detail for a handmade rug.
Materials and Colors Of Persian Qum Carpets
The fact that many rugs already contain two layers of silk makes them incredibly unique, but the rug colors that exist on many Qum rugs bring the tradition to a higher level. The arresting beauty of the colors is often due to the design and materials.
When looking at a Qum rug, you’re just as likely to notice the intricate details as much as you are the general form of the colors. With each carpet being divided into a few clearly defined sections that have intricate detailed work within them.
This level of variety is largely due to the materials and type of colors that are used, giving it a vibrant, clear feel.
Persian Quo Rug Designs and Patterns
Despite the thoroughness in design, many Qum rugs aren’t very large. However, within each rug is a multitude of different motifs and curvilinear designs. Often, the designs and patterns divide the piece into a handful of shapes.
These design shapes tend to be tied together by colors and creative patterns. Some Qum rugs even go so far as to be actual pictorial rugs while others may depict specific historical events, landscapes or intricate more abstract but detailed Oriental design motifs.
Iranian Qum Rug Sizes
Due to the time required to weave these unusually fine rugs, plus the higher cost of the silk and dyes, Persian Qum rugs are usually made in small scatter sizes. This is especially noticeable when compared with other types of rugs.
That said, there is still variety to them with many rugs ranging anywhere from 4 x 6 feet to 9 x 12 feet. While not that common, larger rugs can be found in sizes that are 10 x 14 feet or even bigger.