The Soumak Weave in Rugs and Carpets
Soumak Weave – Soumak is a type of brocading or flat-woven pile. The Soumak rugs are somewhat thicker in texture than kilim rugs. The Soumak weave itself is accomplished by looping the yarn horizontally around successive pairs of warps in between passes of over-under wefts.
When compressed vertically with a weaver’s comb, the resultant texture looks like cabling rising slightly from the surface of the rug.
Soumak is named for the village of Shemaka in the Caucasus where this technique was widely practiced, but it certainly was not invented there. The Soumak weaving technique have been practiced extensively across the rug producing world, from Central Asia to Iran, the Caucasus, and Turkey.