Pile and Knotted Rugs

Hand Knotted Rugs or Pile Antique Carpets

How Rugs and Carpets are Made

What to Consider When Buying Pile Carpets and Hand Knotted Rugs

Pile hand knotted rugs are prized around the world for their durability, intricate designs and incomparable level of detail. No technological advance can successfully replicate the beauty or quality of hand knotted rugs.

These stunning pieces require countless hours of tedious work to produce intricate patterns from yarns that are carefully knotted around a sturdy woven foundation. Many designs employ hairline details that are a single knot wide.

Hand knotted rugs include traditional Persian rugs, silk rugs and primitive wool mats that represent many styles and cultures. The knot count is one specification that shoppers rely on, but that alone cannot determine a rug’s quality. The number of knots per square inch is affected by the foundation material, fiber gauge and knotting techniques. Regardless of the origin or style, hand knotted rugs are the paradigm of this highly evolved handcraft.

Hand Knotted Rugs by Nazmiyal
Hand Knotted Rugs

Pile or Hand Knotted Carpets – The knotted pile carpet is certainly the most familiar type of rug to western consumers. It is also the most luxurious or tactile form of rug, providing a cushion or insulation as well as decorative floor covering.

The term knotting, however, is a misnomer for the most part. Most types of knotted rugs are produced by looping short lengths of yarn around successive pairs of warps in horizontal rows, and letting the excess wool hang downward in a shaggy mass.

These loops may be done in a few different configurations. The rows of knots are followed by several passes of wefts which pass through the warps as a foundation, binding the rug together, and which also space out the rows of knots to keep them from becoming too dense.

The shaggy ends of the knots may be trimmed as the carpet is being woven, or after it has been completed. This trimming creates the surface of the pile. If left long, the pile is shaggy and fur-like. If clipped low, it is velvety in texture. Low pile is better for intricate designs since changes in color appear sharper and crisper. High or long pile has a fuzzier texture and visual effect that works better for bolder, simpler large-scale designs.