Learning about Pile and Knotted Rugs and Carpets
Pile Rugs or Knotted Carpets – While there are not a tremendous amount of different ways to weave a carpet, there has always been a distinction between Pile Carpets and Knotted Carpets.
The knotted pile rugs are certainly the most familiar type of rug to western consumers. They are also the most luxurious or tactile form of rug, providing a cushion or insulation as well as decorative floor covering.
The term knotting, however, is a misnomer for the most part. Most types of knotted rugs are produced by looping short lengths of yarn around successive pairs of warps in horizontal rows, and letting the excess wool hang downward in a shaggy mass.
These loops may be done in a few different configurations. The rows of knots are followed by several passes of wefting which pass through the warps as a foundation, binding the rug together, and which also space out the rows of knots to keep them from becoming too dense. The shaggy ends of the knots may be trimmed as the carpet is being woven, or after it has been completed.
This trimming creates the surface of the pile. If left long, the pile is shaggy and fur-like. If clipped low, it is velvety in texture. Low pile is better for intricate designs since changes in color appear sharper and crisper. High or long pile has a fuzzier texture and visual effect that works better for bolder, simpler large-scale designs.