Kilim Weave

Back to How Rugs and Carpets are Made

Kilim Weave Techniques in Rugs and Carpets (Weft Faced Tapestry)

Kilim WeaveKilim is the Turkish word for weft-faced tapestry, the simplest weaving structure known. It consists of vertical warps combined purely with successive passes of horizontal wefts. If the weft is compressed vertically with a weavers comb so as to cover the warps entirely, it produces ‘weft-faced’ tapestry.

Kilim Weave Carpet
Kilim Weave Carpet

By manipulating the wefts in different colors, they can be made to produce the design of the kilim rugs. Where changes in color are accomplished by vertically successive rows of diverging wefts around two adjacent warps, this produces small gaps or slits – so-called slit tapestry technique.

Antique Kilim Rug
Antique Kilim Rug

Alternatively the diverging wefts in different colors may stagger back and forth vertically across two adjacent warps – so-called dovetail tapestry.