Cotton Fibers For Weaving Antique Rugs

Learning about cotton fibers when weaving rugs

How Rugs and Carpets are Made

Cotton Fibers and Antique Rugs

Cotton is a vegetable fiber derived from agricultural cultivation. It is used most commonly in the foundation of the rug rather than its pile or flat-woven facing. It’s fibers are stronger and less elastic than those of wool, and weavers can maintain an even tension more easily with cotton yarns.

When used for the rug foundation, it makes it easier to produce a straight-sided, evenly-proportioned, tightly-woven rug, and that is why urban and court weavers with high standards of technical precision long ago adopted cotton as the main material for the foundation of the rug.

Cotton fibers and antique rugs by nazmiyal
Cotton

Cotton can, however, be used for the pile or flat-woven facing of rugs. This is done to get an extremely bright white color, since it will do this better than wool. It’s yarns are stronger and less elastic than those of wool, and weavers can maintain an even tension more easily with cotton yarns.

When used for the rug foundation, it makes it easier to produce a straight-sided, evenly-proportioned, tightly-woven rug, and that is why urban and court weavers with high standards of technical precision long ago adopted cotton as the main material for the foundation of the rug.

Cotton can, however, be also used as the actual pile of a carpet or the flat-woven facing of rugs. This is done to get an extremely bright white color, since it will do this better than wool.