History and Culture of Khorassan and Mashad Rugs
Mashad Rugs – Khorrsassan, which means the land of the rising sun in Farsi, is the largest of Iran’s provinces. The names Khorrassan or Mashad are used interchangeable with the latter meaning a finer woven, shorter clipped Khorassan.
Second to Isfahan, Mashad is often described as the most beautiful city in Persia and as a religious shrine; it is also considered the most important. The town is rich in agriculture and one of the best wool producing regions in the Persian rug world.
The weave of Khorrassan rugs is completely different from others and combined with the use of blue weft, makes it an easy antique rug to identify. The breadth of the design is varied ranging from allover to medallion patterns. Larger oversized rugs with floral motifs and finely drawn Herati designs were also common.
The dyes in the Mashad rugs have typically been cochineal and sometimes this can look like a deep magenta. In some instances when the cochineal dye has been used liberally a purplish cast appears over the entire rug. These rugs are supremely decorative and highly desirable, and represent a unique and exciting development in Persian rug weaving.