Magnificent Antique Caucasian Chi-Chi Rug, Country of Origin: Caucasian, Circa date: 1900 – This soft blue Caucasian Chi Chi rug which dates back to the late nineteenth century / turn of the 20th century, is a truly remarkable example. Chi Chi, which is a region in the Caucuses located in modern day Daghestan, is famous for its production of this type of intricate, tightly hand woven rug, known for its use of symbolic rug design patterns and motifs.
The rug weavers responsible for making these unique artistic area rugs chose each included detail for its symbolic meaning. For example, the field of this antique rug is populated with the commonly seen Caucasian “wheel of life” symbol, which is meant to depict the sun and running water. For Caucasian tribes people, this symbol has long represented the progression and flow of life, and the idea that life exists as a natural cycle. These crenelated symbols are also considered signs of protection against harm.
The geometric floral patterning on the border of this Caucasian rug contains symbols that are similarly auspicious. Plants and flowers were often used to represent fertility and growth among Caucasian rug weavers, and the rhythmic repetition of the floral design contained in the inner border of this piece reinforces the strength of the rug’s symbolic meaning.
Perhaps the most spectacular detail of this particular Chi Chi rug is its extraordinary color. Caucasian rugs are often seen composed in warmer palettes, using colors like red, orange, and muted neutrals, but this rug is a wonderful cooler shade of blue. While warmer, “more expected” Chi Chi colors are utilized within the details of the rug’s motifs, the blue color of the rug’s ground evokes a sense of calm and tranquility, which makes it an incredibly adaptive piece for use in modern interiors.