Art Deco 101 by Nazmiyal
Art Deco Style — Art Deco is an influential style of art that is thought to have originated in Paris in the early 1920’s. The credit for coining the term goes to Le Corbusier, a renowned French architect of the time, who used it in the title of a journal he wrote in 1925, “Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs et Industriels Modernes” (or “International Exposition of Modern Decorative and Industrial Arts” in English).
Broadly speaking, the term covers all the styles that were developed in various places around the world in the period between the two world wars, such as Art Moderne, Bauhaus and Stijl. All the different styles had one thing in common: they were heavily influenced by the rapid technological advances of the time. This is evident from the geometric lines, influenced by the automobile and other industries, and streamlined curves, influenced by aviation.
The rise of Art Deco and its popularity can be said to be a direct consequence of World War I, which effectively brought an end to the overwrought Victorian age. Before the war, people were more interested in ornate, highly detailed aesthetic styles. The war changed all that. The pace of discoveries and inventions increased dramatically. Both American and European societies grew affluent. The floral motifs and intricate designs of Art Nouveau, the previous artistic movement, gave way to the sleek, bold, curved and geometric lines of Art Deco. Instead of looking to the natural world for inspiration, designers looked to man-made innovations.
Some of the most noteworthy artistic movements that comprised Art Deco are Moderne Style, Bauhaus and De Stijl.
The Moderne Style was influenced by the streamlined and aerodynamic design of automobiles and airplanes. You can see this in American Art Deco. The style is still as popular as it used to be in those days.
Bauhaus was an art school in Germany that popularized geometric, block style architecture. The school operated from 1919 to 1933, but its teachings continue to influence design today. You can see this in European Art Deco.
De Stilj was a Dutch artistic movement that was heavily influenced by cubism. It emphasized the use of geometric lines (vertical and horizontal lines) and the use of primary colors only. You can see this in the Art Deco of the Netherlands and neighboring countries.
Art Deco also had profound influence on the design of rugs and carpets of the time. Many carpet designers ditched the fanciful, lighthearted and intricate patterns of Art Noveau in favor of bold colors, geometric lines and strong forms. Nazmiyal has an impressive selection of Art Deco carpets, click the link below to view them all!