Beautiful and Fine Antique Persian Sarouk Farahan Rugs
Persian Antique Sarouk Farahan Rugs – Antique Persian Farahan Sarouk rugs and carpets that were woven in / around the region called Arak in west central Iran, are remarkable for their ability to combine different qualities and sensibilities. The medallion design customary on so-called Sarouk Farahans is classically Persian, as is all the minor detail. But the drawing is an interesting combination of suave curve-linearity and geometric styles.
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Farahan Sarouk rugs often come close to the angular drawing of Herizes and Serapis, but a much finer scale appropriate to designs of classical derivation. This delicacy of design relates closely to the weaving technique of Farahans, which is relatively tight and fine. The coloration of Sarouk Farahan rugs and carpets tend to be rich yet soft, with emphasis on terracotta reds, delicate blues and greens, and pastel apricots and yellows.
Antique Persian Feraghan / Farahan Sarouk Rugs
Persian Farahan Sarouk rugs were woven in the village of Sarouk but these carpets given the name “Farahan” as a distinction for their exceptional type of Sarouks. The Persian Farahan Sarouk rugs were made over a period of one hundred years beginning in the mid 18th century.
They have an asymmetrical knot on a cotton ground; the wefts are dyed blue or occasionally pinkish red. The weave is extremely fine and the many patterns combine both tribal and more traditional designs. They often have a floral border with a soft pale apple or pistachio green ground.
Feraghans were made between the 1870s and 1913 from a region north of the town of Arak, produced for the Persian aristocracy. They are single wefted, long and narrow or room-sized carpets, typically with an allover herati design or floral and curling leaf motifs.
Sarouk Feraghans exhibit rich colors, often a red field, deep indigo accents and subtle shades of green. Feraghans are of a finer weave than other types of Sultanabads, with delicately executed motifs.
Feraghan-Sarouks, also called Sarouks, are double-wefted, heavier carpets with a higher knot count than village Sultanabads. Fields are often blue or ivory and designs typically feature either large medallions or representations of trees and birds.
They were developed in response to Tabriz merchants who were exporting carpets to the West. Designs were supplied to the weavers in the Sultanabad region who had difficulty executing the fine patterns; thus, these carpets tend to be a bit unbalanced and off-kilter.
The Sarouk Feraghans / Feraghan rugs waned in popularity as the American Sarouk gained prominence. American Sarouks were designed to appeal to the American consumer. Colors, typically burgundy or rose-colored but also blue, were chosen to be compatible with wooden furniture. The motifs are all-over designs of sprays of flowers, vines and leaves more sparsely woven in the field than a traditional Persian Rug.
Dyes did not hold up to alkaline washings during manufacture, so the red backgrounds were painted to intensify the color. Today, the area continues to produce good-quality, vegetable-dye antique rugs in the tradition of Sarouks and Feraghans woven in the region throughout the last two hundred years.