Extensive Collection of Antique Geometric Rugs
Geometric Rugs – Nearly all carpets can be broken down into geometric patterns. Whether carpets feature grand medallions and sinuous vine-scrolls, precise latticework rug patterns or coffered compartments, the geometry and mathematics of each right-angle corner or precisely calculated curve is behind the beauty of the grandest and the smallest elements. Muslim mathematicians and “geometers” in Persia helped the country create stunning circular medallions, magnificent arabesques and graceful vine-scrolls that flow with ease. Tribal rugs and city carpets from northwest Persia tend to favor designs based on angular, rectilinear geometry. On the other hand, the famous Sheikh Safi medallion depicted in the famous Ardabil carpet and geometric Gonbad dome medallions all represent a clear understanding of geometric principles and the beauty they represent.
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Tribal weavers in Turkey, Morocco, the Caucasus and many other regions employ rectilinear motifs that have obvious geometric properties. Whether they are based on the principles of the golden mean or abstract, asymmetric proportions, these carpets are fantastically attractive. Weavers across the globe approach geometric patterns differently.
In Scandinavia, designers and weavers craft precise lozenges and flat-woven Rolakan that feature ruler-straight patterns. In Morocco, weavers have an improvisational, abstract approach that is totally unique. The beauty of geometric carpet patterns is the diversity and limitless ways in which mathematical principles can be used to create decorative patterns with universal appeal. By considering the geometric principles behind each twist and turn, each precise medallion and each beautifully drawn motif, it’s hard to look at antique carpets in the same way. Abstract, informal or elegant, behind each great carpet is a great understanding of geometry and mathematical principles.
These geometric design carpets are woven using straight, linear, vertical, horizontal and diagonal lines,often employing a central medallion. Antique rugs with geometric designs were typically woven using nomadic cultural symbols representing something cherished by the tribe like in this Turkish Konya rug. They can also portray stylized floral patterns as is seen in some Heriz rugs. More modern adaptations also draw from early 20th century Art Deco and Modernist ideals as can be seen in this oversized Emile Jacques Ruhlman rug.
Incorporating geometric rugs in interior design is a great way to add instant visual interest and a pop of color. And achieving this trend through the use of geometric rugs is a great way to try it out without having to make a big commitment- like wall paper! The brilliance of geometrics is that they can be achieved in almost any style, from vintage rugs, to Antique Persians. Therefor it is a trend for all, no matter the theme of the room!
Geometric Designs and Geometry Based Patterns In Islamic Art
Geometric patterns are a critical element found in Islamic art of all types. The other two non-figurative types of decoration found most commonly in Islamic design are calligraphy and floral based patterns. The popularity of all three patterns is largely due to their symbolic quality, where the human face and body are not represented. You can see these elaborate, intricate abstract designs on almost any surface of Islamic architecture and major decorative elements, such as antique geometric rugs, as well as in just about any other type of object.
Geometric design ornamentation was not just found in Islamic design during the antique period. For hundreds of years, the Greeks, Romans, and Iranian Sassanian used geometric elements in their designs as well. Many Islamic artisans took inspiration from these older geometric designs, appropriating certain elements, eventually elaborating on them to create a distinctive style all their own. The ultimate goal of using these abstract design elements was to create unity and order with an artistic touch. Other influences on this style included the intellectual donations from significant mathematicians, scientists and astronomers from throughout the Islamic world.
Islamic geometric design starts with simple forms like the square and the circle. Artisans then combine simple forms, duplicate them, interlace them, and rearrange them into elaborate designs. This intricate form of abstract expression is a distinct signature feature found in Islamic art and design. And these complex patterns don’t follow any strict rules of geometry or design. The free flowing repetition and complexity offers almost infinite freedom to the designer.
Due to the easy movement of the geometric patterns, artists often incorporate other types of ornamentation into the overall design. They use calligraphy amidst or next to complex geometric movements, making them a part of the overall pattern. Geometric patterns allow for repetitive motifs and symmetry that compare favorably with the so-called arabesque style common to floral designs.
Islamic design often relies on four different shapes to create more complex patterns. The first is the circle and interlaced circles. The second is squares and other four-sides polygons. The third is the star pattern, which is a more complex arrangement of triangles and squares within a circle. The fourth is multi-sided polygons such as hexagons and octagons. Artisans repeat these patterns to create any number of different shapes and visual textures. Due to the sheer complexity, these elaborate designs don’t fit easily into any one category.
Explore the antique geometric rugs from Nazmiyal and you will see that many are vastly different from one another. That said, all these Geometric carpets will your interior design in their own unique way.
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