The World of Unique and Beautiful Kula Carpets
Kula carpets are some of the most fascinating and beautiful in the world. Kula is a town in the Aegean region of Western Turkey that is known for its beautiful rugs with a tribal character and unique variations on familiar Anatolian designs. Carpet weaving was historically a key industry in the town and once formed one of the main sources of income. Antique Kula carpets are a treasure, as they are no longer woven by the villagers.
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Kula Carpet Manufacture
Kula is located in Western Anatolia in a harsh environment that is dominated by magnificent rock formations created by a volcano. This rugged environment is perfect for the production of wools that are durable and strong. The local wool is known for a fine, but durable, texture and has a high sheen and luster that catches the light in the room. The gorgeous colors of the carpets are created by sourcing plant materials that grow within the area.
They are in the Anatolian group of carpets, but they have several characteristics that make them stand out. Rugs in Turkey are divided into several different types. There are those that were woven in special workshops established by the courts. Carpets produced in these workshops were intended to represent the power of the Ottoman rulers. These were often carefully laid out by an artist, and the weaver was responsible for the execution of the design on the loom. These designs are often symmetrical and carried out with the precision of a trained artist.
Village carpets were often created as part of an organized system, but the designs were not as strictly regulated. Village carpets often have a wider range of ornamentation and artistic development than those manufactured by the official court weavers. They were often produced in individual homes, but they were often commissioned and supervised by guilds or formal organizations. They are an essential element of traditional village life and a major source of income for families. Sometimes, they use official designs passed down from the court manufacturers, but they would often use their own artistic sensibilities and modify the designs into a unique style. This is the case with the carpets produced in Kula.
Characteristics of Kula Carpets
Kula carpets are unique and have characteristics that make them highly desirable on the market. The colors include earthy tones that are the perfect complement to modern décor. The most common colors are blue, green, gold, and red tones. However, they are often dominated by pastels, more so than other rugs from Anatolia. Earlier carpets from the 17th century tend to use more reds, but as time went on, these later drifted to become more brownish, with some later carpets having completely brown backgrounds. This is a generalization, and you can still find some brightly colored carpets from the region. The colors are rich, and they have a soft texture that gives them a feeling of delicacy and refinement. Even though they are a tribal carpet, they also have a formal look and feel.
Kula carpets are known for their vertical arrangement of motifs. There are often of a very fine weave and tend to be relatively small to accommodate their use as a prayer rug. Larger examples were produced, but they are exceptionally hard to find. A majority of Kula carpets were made to be easily transported for daily use in prayers. The most common design in Kula rugs is the prayer design. They are known as “Komucu Kula.” They are the most common antique carpet from this town from the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries.
These prayer carpets stand out from other prayer carpets with the mihrab, or prayer niche, design by incorporating a tree of life as the base. The tree of life often arises from a vase or cup design and fills the prayer niche. The cup typically represents holy water and is associated with the gift of life, vitality, and longevity. The combination of the tree of life and water element enhances the theme of the carpet and its connection to the divine. There are many magnificent design variations on the prayer niche and tree of life motif found in Kula carpets, making them an exquisite group of carpets. It is thought that a considerable number of Komucu Kula carpets are found among the Transylvanian rugs. The Transylvanian rugs are a group of rugs that survived by being hidden by churches in Transylvania.
One of the distinguishing characteristics Kula rugs is the use of yellow in the borders. The borders often have a yellow background with a unique three flower design that is also found in other East Turkestan carpets. This flower design is often combined with an undulating meander border. One of the more common field designs is a variation on the classic medallion that is found throughout neighboring cities such as Demirci. The variation is often in the form of a longer lozenge shape forming the center of the rug. They often have a loose weave that gives them a supple character, rather than being stiff and heavy.
Other Unique Kula Designs
Aside from an abundance of unique prayer rug designs, you will also find a distinctive type of rug called the “mazarlik,” or graveyard design. This is a variation of the garden carpets found throughout Western Anatolia, but they feature a dark background that gives them a somber tone. This design often combines images of cypress trees and may represent eternal life after death. They are reminiscent of a grave adorned with flowers.
Kula is also known for a type of carpet called “kendrili,” which uses hemp as a foundation instead of wool. The beautiful rugs from this town resemble carpets from other towns in this region, including Ushak and Gordes. They have wider borders and are characterized by a short, soft pile that lets the design stand out. Stars and flowers are typical border designs. The field design typically has a highly stylized tribal character that is abstract and geometric in nature.
Kula carpets are the perfect addition to a formal dining room, library, or formal living area. They are soft and elegant. The wools used to create them are lustrous and have a sheen that catches the light.
Kula carpets are quite rare and can be difficult to acquire on the open market. This is because of their unique beauty and design that makes them a favorite among collectors. It is a treat when we have the opportunity to present one of these beauties in our collection. Feel free to browse around enjoy these exquisite and rare treasures. If you find one that is the perfect addition to your home or office, we would be happy to accommodate your needs.
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