How Hand-Made Rugs and Carpets are Made
Hand-made rugs have a certain built-in value that ranks them above machine-made
products. Hand-made labor is more costly and carries with it a certain expectation of care and quality. Hand-made carpets involve an endless series of choices and decisions, minor twists and turns, that collectively give the piece its personality and presence, something that the finest machine made carpet lacks. How hand-made rugs and carpets are made plays an important role in the final product.
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Since the advent of western industrialization in the nineteenth century, rugs have been manufactured by machine loom processes of various types. Such rugs are generally made from the same materials as hand-made rugs, wool, silk, and cotton, often of high quality. The standards of fabrication may also be high, and consistently so. But machine made rugs are mechanical in their execution, and often in their design as well.
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Materials Used in Making Rugs & Carpets
The materials that go into a rug are as important as the design and workmanship. They contribute enormously to the overall impression of the rug – its color, texture, tactile feel, and above all its durability.Wool, Cotton, Silk, Dyes
Techniques and Construction of Rugs and Carpets
The processing of the raw materials and the way that rugs are woven have an enormous effect on their quality, durability and value. One needs to appreciate these issues to evaluate their worth. Some knowledge of the weaving technique is also indispensable in identifying carpet types as well as the age of a piece. Such 'structural' considerations are far more instructive than the design in assessing the origin and quality of rugs. Shearing, Carding, Spinning, Loom, Foundation, Warp, Depressed Warps, Wefts
Different Rug Weaves
Pile / Knotted Rugs
The so-called knots that make up a pile carpet are not actually knots, but loops, wrapped around pairs of adjacent warps. They may be wrapped in several configurations. In all cases they consist of the knot collar – the portion that literally wrap around the warps – and the ends that actually constitute the pile.
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In many ways design is the ultimate quality in which the appeal of a rug may reside. In interesting or unusual design, one that makes effective use of line and color, or perhaps one that that is unusually detailed and intricate may have the appeal that attracts the interest and passion of the viewer.
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