How Rugs are Made

How Rugs are Made

Hand Made Rugs & Carpets

Hand Made RugsHand-made rugs have a certain built-in value that ranks them above machine-made products. Hand-made labor is more costly and carries with it a certain expectation of care and quality. Hand-made carpets involve an endless series of choices and decisions, minor twists and turns, that collectively give the piece its personality andpresence, something that the finest machine made carpet lacks.

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How Rugs are Made

Machine Made Rugs & Carpets

Machine Made RugsSince the advent of western industrialization in the nineteenth century, rugs have been manufactured by machine loom processes of various types. Such rugs are generally made from the same materials as hand-made rugs, wool, silk, and cotton, often of high quality. The the standards of fabrication may also be high, and consistently so. But machine made rugs are mechanical in their execution, and often in their design as well. 

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How Rugs are Made

Materials Used in Making Rugs & Carpets

The materials that go into a rug are as important as the design and workmanship. They contribute enormously to the overall impression of the rug – its color, texture, tactile feel, and above all its durability. WoolCottonSilkDyes

Wool Cotton Silk Dyes   

Wool Cotton Silk Dyes

How Rugs are Made

Techniques & Construction of Rugs & Carpets

The processing of the raw materials and the way that rugs are woven have an enormous effect on their quality, durability and value. One needs to appreciate these issues to evaluate its worth. Some knowledge of the weaving technique is also indispensable in identifying carpet types as well as the age of a piece. Such 'structural' considerations are far more instructive than the design in assessing the origin and quality of rugs. 

ShearingCardingSpinningLoomFoundationWarpDepressed Warps,  Wefts

Shearing

Shearing

Carding

Carding

Spinning

Spinning

Loom

Loom

Shearing

Carding

Spinning

Loom

How Rugs are Made
Foundation

Foundation

Warp
Depressed Warps

Depressed Warps

Wefts

Wefts

Foundation

Warp

Depressed Warps

Wefts

 
How Rugs are Made

Different Weaves

Kilim Weave

Kilim Weave

Soumak Weave

Soumak Weave

Pile or Knotted

Pile or Knotted

Kilim Weave

Soumak Weave

Pile or Knotted

 
How Rugs are Made

Types of Knots Used in Pile Rugs & Carpets

Rug KnotsThe so-called knots that make up a pile carpet are not actually knots, but loops, wrapped around pairs of adjacent warps. They may be wrapped in several configurations. In all cases they consist of the knot collar – the portion that literally wrap around the warps – and the ends that actually constitute the pile.

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How Rugs are Made

Designs of Rugs & Carpets

Designs of Rugs & CarpetsIn many ways design is the ultimate quality in which the appeal of a rug may reside. In interesting or unusual design, one that makes effective use of line and color, or perhaps one that that is unusually detailed and intricate may have the appeal that attracts the interest and passion of the viewer. 

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