Iranian Rugs, in General, Refer to Persian Rugs
Iranian rugs are among the most definitively elegant carpets ever produced. Iran is a world unto itself in terms of local cultures, traditions and the diversity of regional designs. From the Sassanid and Safavid Empires to tribal confederations and modern weavers, Persia and modern-day Iran have produced many of the world's most elegant carpets and enduring designs.
Officially called Iran since 1935, the Iranian Plateau is home to industrial cities, grand plains, barren deserts and soaring mountains. This large country is culturally and geographically diverse. Iran produces phenomenal fine city carpets, tribal village rugs and everything in between. The area of the former Persian Empire is arguably the most significant and influential carpet-producing region in the world.
In Iran's northwestern region, the local carpets feature magnificent angular geometric designs, elegant colors and sophisticated patterns influenced by Persian design traditions, Caucasian weavers, dyers and tribal groups. In the east part of Iran, lush curvilinear patterns and bold guls reflect Persia's iconic imperial style and external influences from Turkmen, Uzbek and Afghan cultures. Iranian rugs borrow designs from neighboring countries and the region's own monumental decorative and architectural achievements. Antique and modern Iranian carpets are part of a rich aesthetic tradition that continues to influence modern trends.
Classic designs found in Iranian rugs include bold rectilinear motifs as well as lavish floral motifs. These patterns are influenced by Persian geometry, Caucasian groups from the Caspian region and styles that were transported across political regions by intrepid travelers who conquered the rugged Silk Road. The luxurious curvilinear arabesques that appear in Iranian city carpets are traditional and timeless while the rustic, rectilinear motifs featured in Iran’s village carpets have a primitive style that are unexpectedly modern.
The textures of vintage and antique Iranian rugs are sumptuous; the materials contribute a stylistic richness, and the colors are nothing short of enrapturing. From functional salt bags, tent bags and tribal trappings to the oversized palatial carpets created for sultans and emperors, Iranian weavers harnessed the power of natural materials and simple knotting techniques to create enduring works of art that are still prized by homeowners, interior designers and collectors from all over the world.
Explore the diverse world of Iranian carpets starting with rustic tribal rugs and continuing through the fine and intricate city carpets that embody a timeless elegance and grace.